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Robust Fault Diagnosis Scheme in a Class of Nonlinear System Based on UIO and Fuzzy Residual

S. Hamideh Sedigh Ziyabari*, Mahdi Aliyari Shoorehdeli
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 15, no. 3, pp.1145-1154, 2017

Abstract : "In this study, a novel robust fault diagnosis scheme is developed for a class of nonlinear systems when both fault and disturbance are considered. The proposed scheme includes both component and sensor fault with nonlinear system that transferred to nonlinear Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) model. It considers a larger category of nonlinear system when fuzzification is used for only nonlinear distribution matrices. In fact the proposed method covers nonlinear systems could not transform to linear T-S model. This paper studies the problem of robust fault diagnosis based on two fuzzy nonlinear observers, the first one is a fuzzy nonlinear unknown input observer (FNUIO) and the other is a fuzzy nonlinear Luenberger observer (FNLO). This approach decouples the faulty subsystem from the rest of the system through a series of transformations. Then, the objective is to design FNUIO to guarantee the asymptotic stability of the error dynamic using the Lyapunov method; meanwhile, FNLO is designed for faulty subsystem to generate fuzzy residual signal based on a quadratic Lyapunov function and some matrices inequality convexification techniques. FNUIO affects only the fault free subsystem and completely removes any unknown inputs such as disturbances when residual signal is generated by FNLO is affected by component or sensor fault. This novelty and using nonlinear system in T-S model make the proposed method extremely effective from last decade literature. Sufficient conditions are established in order to guarantee the convergence of the state estimation error. Thus, a residual generator is determined on the basis of LMI conditions such that the estimation error is completely sensitive to fault vector and insensitive to the unknown inputs. Finally, an numerical example is given to show the highly effectiveness of the proposed fault diagnosis scheme."

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