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TDOA/FDOA based Target Tracking with Imperfect Position and Velocity Data of Distributed Moving Sensors

Seul-Ki Han, Won-Sang Ra, and Jin Bae Park
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 15, no. 3, pp.1155-1166, 2017

Abstract : "This paper addresses the target tracking problem using time difference of arrival (TDOA) and frequency difference of arrival (FDOA) measured by moving sensor network whose position and velocity are noise contaminated. It is a known fact that the existing approaches to this problem still have two unsolved technical issues; the unsatisfactory convergence behavior of the tracking filter mainly caused by severe nonlinearity of the problem itself and the tracking performance degradation due to the sensor position and velocity errors. In order to resolve these matters radically, the given target tracking problem is formulated as the robust state estimation problem of the linear system with stochastic uncertainties in its measurement matrix and solved by using the robust Kalman filter theory. The proposed scheme enables us to overcome the inherent limitations of the conventional nonlinear filters for its linear filter structure. It can also prevent the performance degradation due to imperfect sensor position and velocity information. Through the simulations, the effectiveness and reliable target tracking performance of the proposed method are demonstrated."

Keyword : Kalman filter, state estimation, target tracking, moving sensor network, uncertain systems.

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