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Design of PID Controller Based on ELM and Its Implementation for Buck Converters

Yang Lu, WeiXin Yu*, JunNian Wang, Dan Jiang, and RuiQi Li
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 19, no. 7, pp.2479-2490, 2021

Abstract : Buck converter is a kind of converter device with high efficiency, wide adjustable output voltage, small loss, small size and light weight. Its circuit has nonlinearity and will exhibit abundant nonlinear phenomena with the change of circuit parameters, resulting in unstable output voltage and being susceptible to load and external disturbances. Therefore, a control method based on Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) combined with a proportionalintegral-derivative (PID) controller is proposed in this paper and used for output voltage control of buck converter. Firstly, the mathematical model of buck converter in Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) is established by the state space averaging method. Then the PID tuning algorithm is designed in combination with ELM, and the stability analysis of the model is carried out. Finally, the simulation experiment is carried out under different disturbances. By comparing with the open-loop control strategy, the effectiveness of the proposed ELM-PID control strategy is verified, indicating that the proposed method can achieve the stability of output voltage and good dynamic response.

Keyword : Buck converter, ELM, PID, state space averaging.

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